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                        TORRO BALL LIGHTNING QUESTIONNAIRE

We understand that you may have observed ball lightning, and would be very grateful if you could provide further information by completing and returning this form with details of the event. Your cooperation is very much appreciated and may be of considerable help to our research. The questions require answers in four forms; please reply on the dotted lines ....., in the space provided, delete [YES/NO] as appropriate or tick the check-boxes [ ] accordingly.

DATE,TIME & LOCATION

1. Date of event: year .......... month .......... day .......... unknown [ ]

2. Local time of day: .......... [AM/PM] unknown [ ]

3. Exact location of event (nearest address or map reference): unknown [ ]

4. How could the terrain in the vicinity of the event best be described? flat [ ] rolling [ ] hilly [ ] mountainous [ ] unknown [ ]

5. How could the earth's surface in the area nearest the ball lightning best be described? water-covered [ ] barren [ ] meadow or brush [ ] wooded [ ] building-covered [ ] unknown [ ]

YOUR LOCATION

6. Was your location: within a building [ ] in a vehicle [ ] out-of-doors [ ] unknown [ ] ?

7. With respect to ground level, were you: below ground [ ] near ground level [ ] first floor [ ] higher [ ] in an aircraft in flight [ ] unknown [ ] ?

8. How many others that you know of saw this ball lightning? ..........

9. Did you observe it: through eyeglasses [ ] through window glass [ ] other ..........directly [ ] can't remember [ ] ?

WEATHER CONDITIONS

10. The ball appeared during which part of a storm? early [ ] middle [ ] late [ ] no storm connected [ ] unknown [ ]

11. Was the storm, if any, more violent than average? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

12. Was the rainfall just before the observation: none [ ] slight [ ] moderate [ ] heavy [ ] unknown [ ] ?

FORMATION

13a. Did you see the ball originate? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

13b. Was the ball observed: in a closed room [ ] in a room with open window or door [ ] in an aircraft [ ] in a vehicle [ ] out-of-doors [ ] unknown [ ] ?

14a. Did the appearance of a ball seem to follow a lightning stroke: to ground [ ] between clouds [ ] no stroke [ ] unknown [ ] ?

14b. How long after a lightning strike did a ball appear? ..........no stroke [ ] unknown [ ]

15a. If the ball followed a stroke to ground, was the point of impact: water [ ] tree [ ] earth [ ] power or telephone wires [ ] radio tower/transmitter [ ] building or other structure [ ] unknown [ ] ?

15b. What was the distance form the point of impact of the lightning stroke to the place at which the ball lightning first appeared? ..........no stroke [ ] unknown [ ]

16a. When first seen, was the ball: among clouds [ ] in midair [ ] contacting metal [ ] contacting non-metal [ ] contacting ground [ ] unknown [ ] ?

16b. Did the ball remain contact with a solid object throughout its lifetime? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

17. When you first saw it, how far was it from you? .......... unknown []

APPEARANCE

18. What was its diameter when you first saw it? .......... unknown [ ]

19. While you were watching, did its size become: smaller [ ] larger [ ] remain about the same [ ] unknown [ ] ?

20. Was its shape: round [ ] elliptical [ ] ring-shaped [ ] rod-shaped [ ] other .......... unknown [ ] ?

21. What colour(s) was the ball? red [ ] orange [ ] yellow [ ] green [ ] blue [ ] violet [ ] silver [ ] gold [ ] white [ ] black [ ] other ..........

22. If there was more than one ball, how many were there? ..........

23a. Could you see through the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

23b. Was the ball: transparent [ ] translucent [ ] opaque [ ] unknown [ ] ?

BRIGHTNESS

24. Please indicate the best description of the ball's brightness: as bright as an ordinary lightning stroke [ ] bright enough to illuminate nearby objects [ ] bright enough to be clearly visible in daylight [ ] bright enough to be barely visible in daylight [ ] unknown [ ]

25. The ball appeared brightest: near the outer surface [ ] near the centre [ ] uniformly all over [ ] unknown [ ]

26. Did its brightness: decrease [ ] increase [ ] remain about the same [ ] unknown [ ] ?

27. Did its appearance change noticeably in any other way? [YES/NO] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

MOVEMENT

28. The motion of the ball was mostly: vertical [ ] horizontal [ ] mixed [ ] no motion [ ] unknown [ ]

29. What was its distance of closest approach to you? .......... unknown [ ]

30. What was its maximum speed? .......... unknown [ ]

31. What was its minimum speed? .......... unknown [ ]

32. Did the ball's movement appear to be guided by: cloud layers [ ] ground surface [ ] power or telephone wires [ ] other metal structures [ ] no guide [ ] other (please give details) [ ] unknown [ ] ?

33. Did you have any impression of spinning or rotational movement within the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

34. During the event, did the ball appear to pass through small holes, screen or solid objects? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

35a. If it made contact with any solid object, did it seem to be: surface contact with a metal object [ ] surface contact with a non-metallic object [ ] deeply penetrating contact with a metal object [ ] deeply penetrating contact with a non metallic object [ ] unknown [ ] ?

35b. Did this contact seem to bring about the end of the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

DURATION & EMISSIONS

36. How long was the ball in sight? .......... unknown [ ]

37. Did you feel any heat from the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ]

38. Did you notice any odour form the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

39. Did you hear any sound from the ball, other than when it ended? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

40. Did the ball emit: sparks [ ] lightning [ ] none [ ] unknown [ ] ?

41. Did the ball have: haloes [ ] coronas [ ] rays [ ] protrusions [ ] none of these [ ]unknown [ ] ?

42. Was any unusual behaviour noted concerning equipment such as radio(s), television(s), Hi-Fi or other stereo equipment, car engines, etc., at about this time? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

DISAPPEARANCE

43. Were there any traces or damage left by the ball? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

44. Did you notice any particular change in shape, brightness, size, colour or speed immediately before the ball ended? [YES/NO] unknown [ ] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

45. Was the disappearance of the ball: explosive [ ] silent [ ] unknown [ ] ?

46. Where was the ball when it disappeared? midair [ ] on the ground [ ] contacting metal [ ] contacting non-metal [ ] unknown [ ] ?

47. How far from you was it when it disappeared? .......... unknown [ ]

48. What was its speed when it disappeared? .......... unknown [ ]

49. Was your last sight of the ball: as it disappeared or ended [ ] as it passed from your view [ ] ?

50. Have you seen ball lightning on any other occasion? [YES/NO] If yes, please give further details on a separate sheet.

YOURSELF & CONTACT DETAILS

May we publish your name in connection with this event? [YES/NO]

Please give your:

Name: ............... Title, degrees: ...............

Profession: ...............

Signature: ............... Date: ...............

Full postal address: ......................................................................

County ............... Nation ............... Post Code ...............

Your telephone number: .........................

Your E-mail address: .........................

A. Please write a brief description of the event.

(please continue on a separate sheet if necessary)

B. Please draw a sketch of the appearance of the ball lightning. Were any photographs or video footage taken? [YES/NO]

C. Please draw a sketch plan or map of the immediate area near the event and show the path of the ball lightning.

D. Please list any other witnesses, giving their names, addresses and telephone

PLEASE RETURN THE COMPLETED FORM TO:

Prof. Derek Elsom, Tornado and Storm Research Organisation, Geography Unit,

Oxford Brookes University, Headington, Oxford, Oxfordshire, GREAT BRITAIN OX3 0BP

.... thank you for your time.

2.0/97MAR05

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